STUDYING WEAR RESISTANCE OF STEEL FRICTION PAIRS UNDER HIGH CONTACT PRESSURE IN WATER-ABRASIVE MEDIUM
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The paper is focused on the problem of the service life of the dredger chain, which largely depends on the efficiency and reliability of the hinge joint, when a mineral abrasive gets into the structural gap resulting in rapid wear of the joint under high dynamic loads. There has been developed a science-based technology of repairing parts of the assembly, without reducing the resource, from cheap and accessible (non-deficient) materials, taking into account modern technical and economic requirements, on samples. Wear resistance of samples of friction pairs has been defined in terms of a chain operating model. The research method is based on comparing the wear rate of samples in a pair made of steel 110Mn13 (sleeve - pin), 110Mn13 and 38CrNi3M (sleeve - pin), according to the standard technologies and taken as a reference, with pairs made of steel 110Mn13, C45K, facing with wire SV08A, electrodes E50A – UONI 13/55 and E – 190Cr5Si7 – LEZ – T – 590 – NG after heat treatment, chemical and heat treatment, surface plastic deformation. Samples were tested in the water-abrasive environment with a load of 6615 N (675 kgf). The wear resistance parameters were determined as following: 1) reference pairs of steel 110Mn13 (bushing-pin) and 110Mn13 (bushing), 38CrNi3Mo (pin); 2) pairs of steel 110Mn13 (bushing) and facing with wire SV08A (pin); 3) pairs of steel 110Mn13 (bushing) and cladding with electrodes E–190Cr5Si7–LEZ –T–590– NG (pin); 4) pairs of steel C45K (bushing) and cladding with E –190Cr5Si7 – LEZ – T – 590 – NG electrodes (pin); 5) pairs of steel C45K (bushing) and clad-ding with E50A – UONI 13/55 electrodes (pin). A graph of dependence of the bushing and pin wear on the relations of initial hardness and structures of friction pair has been built. It is recom-mended to restore the pin with wear-resistant electrodes E – 190Cr5Si7 – LEZ – T – 590 – NG paired with 110Mn13 steel bushing with surface plastic deformation. The wear resistance of a pair, with a different combination of structures, does not depend on the ratio of hardness of Hsl / Hfin. The materials of the pair worn within the reference samples can be recommended for the operational tests.

Keywords:
suction dredge, scoop chain, pin-bushing, wear, wear resistance, wear test
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